William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863)

William Makepeace Thackeray

1811 On 18 July, in Calcutta, India, William Makepeace Thackeray was born. It was a Victorian English writer Charlotte Bronte about a letter to WS Williams, said: "Thackeray is a Titan ... There is a charm and majesty detained's best efforts; has nothing feverish delirium not show again energy - the energy of it is healthy, deliberate thinking. "He was the only son of a distinguished member of the civil service in India.

1816 Early childhood, when he grew up in luxury like a small prince, ended at the age of five years, at which time he was sent to England to school. By analogy with the trauma of Dickens when he was asked to work in the factory, Thackeray's school troubles have made ​​an indelible mark on his imagination. He began to see life as a dichotomy between family circle heat and brutality and indifference of the outside world. Public school Charterhouse, the world was divided further into crooks and assholes, the "executioners" and victims (making him clearly in the second category), which is the main contrast of his satirical writing "Vanity Fair".

1829-1831 Thackeray attended Cambridge two years before receiving a gentleman's education or to travel in Europe, which saw Germany and France. Gambling and business failure cost him almost all the Thackeray legacy of his father and the means to lead lives of idleness and to Huzur that seemed to manifest inclinations.

1836 After his marriage to Isabella Shaw was forced to earn a living to support his family. After trying unsuccessfully to become an artist - was rejected among others offer to illustrate his book Dickens' Pickwick Club Documents "- Thackeray began" writing for a living. "He signed newspaper articles, sketches, stories with different aliases that Michael Angelo Titmarsh, Yellowplush, Ikey Solomon, Fitzboodle; and Mr.. Snob. Among his works of fiction from this period include "Luck of Barry Lyndon" and "snobs of England" harsh portraits of human weakness and cynical ambition.

In private life, Thackeray began to reconsider its approach to human values ​​from the suffering caused by the death of the two daughters and the sixth year when his wife lost her sanity.

1846 His wife became incurable disease, I had to engage a permanent nurse. Thackeray again seen without a foothold in family life, and the experience matured. He gave up vanity and cynicism earlier and began to see the world as a mixture of exposed people suffering deserves sympathy, not only to be the object of his satire. It is available in mind reading "Vanity Fair", making this work a full human experience, and not another portraits of snobs.

1848 After a long search and often disappointing profession and vocation, Thackeray finally able to boast in front of her mother that suddenly became "a sort of big man ... right on top of the tree: indeed, it was known that there top struggle with Dickens ". Long-awaited satisfaction was justified by the success of his serial novel "Vanity Fair". Thackeray's recognition occurs in one of the most remarkable periods in the history of the novel, a period in which, in a few months had appeared not only "Vanity Fair", but "Jane Eyre" by Charlotte Bronte, "Wuthering Heights" Emily Bronte, "Dombey and son" and "David Copperfield" Dickens. It was a period of great Victorian novel, and Thackeray managed from one shot to prove himself as the main rival of Dickens the title of the greatest novelist of the century and at the same time to change the nature and character as radically novel as Joyce have to do with the publication of "Ulysses" in the twentieth century.

The subtitle of the novel "Vanity Fair", namely "without Roman hero" is the one marked difference of this work from the other novels, because it gives the reader a portrait of English society stripped idealisation expected from novel. Followers romance, Amelia Sedley and George Osborne are placed in contrast with their opposites, Becky Sharp and William Dobbin, and show that some people wrong era. George's long-awaited transformation in the hero is defeated on the battlefield of Waterloo in the first half of the novel. Marriage, the ultimate goal of most previous novels, is just starting point for extensive study of Thackeray on domestic realism, and the critique of society. The standard of realism in the novel, Counterfeit destruction beneath appearances oriented novel by George Eliot serious purpose conferred by Gustave Flaubert as an instrument of truth. Dickens, Thackeray influenced by his example, he developed his own synthesis between ideal and real claims to literary fiction formula he announced it in the preface to "ghost house" as "romantic side of familiar things."

1848-1850 Between this years, appeared one of the three novels that Thackeray would publish them after the success achieved by "Vanity Fair" ie "Pendennis," which appeared in bundles.

1852 Appears "Henry Esmond," Thackeray's attempt to prove the critics that he is able to write a novel with plot and structure developed is a remarkable reconstruction of the eighteenth century.

1853-1855 "Newcomers" is an ambitious return to the "Vanity Fair" and have a complex social panorama drawn characterizations, but the book does not have a central point of interest and is devoid of drama.

1853-1863 In the last decade of his life Thackeray was a celebrity literary editor of "Cornhill" which largely shaped Victorian taste, is considered a symbol of it. But his latest novels with a strong teased were overshadowed by the works of other novelists, George Eliot and Anthony Trollope as that built on the foundation built by Thackeray realistic.

1863 At 24 December, in London, England, novelist William Makepeace Thackeray passed away at the age of 52 years. Of the great novelists of the Victorian era is probably the least read Thackeray today. Ample's social murals have not found admirers background Fienry aesthetics promoted by Flaubert and James. His novels are closely related to age, which removes more than ours. Details surface requires documentation becoming more widely appreciated their references and values of social and racial questionable. Despite its shortcomings, Thackeray is one of the greatest innovators of the novel, whose fundamental message of compassion and tolerance devoid of falsehood and schematism make its author one of the greatest literary artists of the world.

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